Medicare Plans That May Assist With Nursing Home Expenses
Although Medicare would generally not cover health services that are not regarded as medically necessary, there are several aspects of Nursing health facilities services that are very important to the prognosis of both the elderly and individuals with disabilities.
If Medicare approves this service to be worth it, the individual might receive conditional healthcare coverage under the following categories.
Medicare Part A:
The Medicare Part A plan is known widely for its coverage of medical expenses within the Medicare network. However, it can also extend to Special Nursing Facilities in times when Medicare has approved the funding of Nursing Facilities.
Although Medicare Part A would only offer short coverage, this coverage might even include medications and drug descriptions depending on the persons plan.
Medicare Part B:
Usually, Medicare Part B mostly covers healthcare services outside the Medicare network. Hence, it doesnt offer healthcare coverage for nursing facilities.
However, there are certain special cases where Medicare Part B plans would provide the funds for Nursing home services. Nevertheless, this is very rare and depends on specific health insurance companies.
Medicare Part C:
Medicare Part C, also called the Medicare Advantage plan, is a government-sponsored private plan that offers coverage to additional health benefits that are not found in either of the Medicare Part A or Part B plans.
Medicare Part D:
Rhode Island Medicaid Eligibility
To be eligible for Rhode Islands Medicaid program, you must meet certain income and asset requirements.
Applicants must have few assets, be considered low to very low income, and be 65 or older. Nursing care is also required, as determined by a medical screening process conducted by a local registered nurse or social worker from the nearest case management agency.
All income and assets are considered when determining financial eligibility. A single applicants annual income cannot exceed $30,276, and total assets cannot exceed $4,000 in total. The same restrictions apply in two-person households where only one person applies, but the non-applicant spouse may keep up to $137,400 in assets.
Medicare Coverage Requirements For Skilled Nursing Facility Care
SNF care is nursing and therapy that can only be performed or supervised by professionals or technical personnel. Medicare Part A may help cover SNF care in certain conditions for a limited time if all of these conditions are met:11
- You have Part A and have days left to use in your Medicare
- You have a qualifying hospital stay
- Your doctor decided that you need daily skilled care
- The SNF where you get skilled services is certified by Medicare
- You need these skilled services for a medical condition thats either:
- A hospital-related medical condition treated during your qualifying 3-day inpatient hospital stay, even if it wasn’t the reason you were admitted to the hospital
- A condition that started while receiving care in the SNF for a hospital-related medical condition
Read Also: What Is Medicare Red White And Blue Card
How It Works: Out Of The Nursing Home For Less Than 30 Days
Your mom received 10 days of Medicare-covered skilled nursing care after she’s hospitalized for a broken hip. Medicare coverage ended when she stopped needing skilled care.
She chose to go home rather than pay for custodial care. After 10 days, her doctor decided she needed more skilled care for her broken hip to heal properly and she’s readmitted to the nursing home. Medicare covers this nursing home stay.
Your mom has 90 days of coverage left in her benefit period.
- If the break lasts for at least 30 days but less than 60:
Medicare won’t cover additional skilled nursing care unless the individual has a new 3-day qualifying hospital stay.
The new hospital stay need not be for the same condition that the person was originally treated for during the previous stay.
Since the break in the skilled nursing home care lasted for less than 60 days in a row, the current benefit period would continue. This means that the maximum coverage available is the number of unused skilled nursing care benefit days remaining in the current benefit period.
Paying For Nursing Home With Medicare
The types of skilled care that Medicare covers requires the following conditions be met:
There is no limit on how long you receive these as long as your doctor re-orders them every 60 days.
If you meet the conditions, Medicare will pay for some of your costs for up to 100 days. For the first 20 days, Medicare pays 100 percent of your costs. For days 21 through 100, you pay your own expenses up to $140.00 per day , and Medicare pays any balance. After 100 days, you pay 100 percent of costs.
Medicare Supplemental Insurance
Medigap is private health insurance and it helps pay for the gaps in Medicare like deductibles and co-insurances. It also helps pay for skilled nursing care in some cases.
*Others use employer group health plans or long-term care insurance to help cover nursing home costs.
Don’t Miss: How Much Does Humira Cost With Medicare
Does Medicare Pay For Nursing Homes For Alzheimers Patients
Medicare does not pay for long-term custodial care at a nursing home for patients with Alzheimers. If your doctor has determined that you need skilled nursing care, Medicare will pay for nursing home care for up to 100 days like in all other cases.
Medicare does cover some of the health care services for patients with Alzheimers including:
- Medicare Part A covers inpatient hospital care and some of the doctors fees
- Medicare Part D covers most of the prescription drugs required by Alzheimers patients
- Medicare Part A will pay for up to 100 days of skilled nursing home care
Medicare And Medicaid Basics
Both Medicare and Medicaid are overseen by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services . These programs are often confused, but they are very different. The most important differences are the ways in which they are funded/administered and the purpose each serves.
Medicare is a federal health insurance program for seniors, certain younger individuals with disabilities and people with end-stage renal disease. Like private health insurance plans, Medicare does not cover long-term care of any kind. This includes in-home care, assisted living, memory care and nursing home care. However, there are exceptions for the short-term provision of similar services. For example, Medicare will cover stays in skilled nursing facilities for short-term rehabilitation following a qualifying hospital stay.
Medicaid is a jointly funded federal and state medical assistance program that provides health coverage for low-income Americans with few assets. Unlike Medicare, Medicaid programs for the elderly and disabled do cover various long-term care services. Essentially, the Medicaid long-term care program ensures that people who cannot afford the high level of care they need are still able to receive it. Seniors who meet their states financial eligibility requirements and have a documented medical need for nursing home level care should qualify for Medicaid coverage of their nursing home costs.
Also Check: Does Medicare Cover Wheelchair Repairs
Does Medicare Advantage Cover Nursing Home Care
Medicare Advantage, also known as Medicare Part C, offers all of the benefits of Original Medicare . Unlike Original Medicare, however, many Medicare Advantage plans cover costs associated with vision, hearing and dental care, as well as prescription drugs. Depending on which Medicare Advantage Plan you select, your benefits may also include nursing home care. Letâs take a closer look.
Do Advantage Plans Cover Any Part Of It
Medicare Advantage plans dont usually cover nursing home care thats considered custodial care. A few exceptions exist, including if a persons plan has a contract with a specific nursing home or organization that operates nursing homes.
Always contact your plan provider before going to a particular nursing home so you understand what services are and arent covered under your Medicare Advantage plan.
Also Check: Do You Have To Apply For Medicare At 65
Residents May Be Charged For:
- Private room, unless medically needed
- Specially prepared food, beyond that generally prepared by the facility
- Telephone, television, radio
- Personal comfort items including tobacco products and confections
- Cosmetic and grooming items and services in excess of those included in the basic service
- Personal clothing
- Gifts purchased on behalf of a resident
- Flowers and plants
- Social events and activities beyond the activity program
- Special care services not included in the facility’s Medicaid payment
How Can I Pay For Long
If you need coverage beyond 100 days of skilled nursing care, or if you need help with the cost of nursing home care, you may have other options:13
- Medicaid: Depending on your income, you might qualify for Medicaid. This could help you cover some of the costs of long-term care. Medicaid coverage and eligibility requirements vary from state to state.
- Social Security Administration programs: Some programs offered through Social Security could help cover some costs associated with long-term care for people with disabilities. Depending on your medical condition or income, you might qualify for Social Security Disability Insurance or Supplemental Security Income .
- Long-term care insurance: 1 possible source of coverage for nursing home services is long-term care insurance. These are plans offered through private insurance providers. Details of coverage and costs may vary from plan to plan.
Also Check: What Is The Age Of Medicare
How To Compare Health Care Agencies How To Search For Health Care Agencies
The data published by The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid is not as robust for home health care agencies as it is for skilled nursing facilities or hospitals nor is it published as regularly.
CMS provides a single 5-Star Rating metric that summarizes multiple qualitative measures developed from statistics related to patient improvement.
The data also includes results of patients surveys called Home Health Care Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems . HHCAPHPs is a 34-item questionnaire that measures patients experiences with the home health care agency. Additional information on HHCAHPS is available here.
Our home health care search results show the providers that serve a particular ZIP code and rank the agencies based on the CMS 5-Star Rating, so you can see which are the best home health care agencies near you and which are the worst home health care agencies near you.
We also provide a detail page for each Home health care agency that compiles the ratings and survey data along with other attributes such as which services the agencies provide and comparisons with both state and national averages.
Does Medicare Supplement Cover Assisted Living
Medicare Supplement plans, also known as Medigap plans, are designed to cover the gaps left by Original Medicare coverage. Medigap plans are required by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services to provide standardized benefits nationwide, but premiums can vary from provider to provider. Similar to Medicare Advantage plans, Medigap plans dont cover the costs associated with assisted living.
Don’t Miss: How Old To Collect Medicare
When Does Medicare Not Cover In
In most cases, Medicare doesnt cover these types of in-home health care.
- Home health aides, when the only care you need is custodial. That means you need help bathing, dressing, and/or using the bathroom.
- Round-the-clock care
- Homemaker services, like cleaning, laundry, and shopping. If these services arent in your care plan, and theyre the only care you need, theyre generally not covered.
Its important to know that just because your doctor might recommend home health care, Medicare doesnt automatically cover it. It depends on your situation.
Read Also: Does Medicare Cover Aba Therapy
When Does Medicare Cover Nursing Homes
Medicare Part A covers medically necessary SNF care when skilled nursing services are needed. Again, please note that SNF, ICF, and custodial care may all be provided under one roof it is the level of skill needed to care for the patient that makes the difference. Examples include the need for sterile dressings, maintenance of surgical drains, etc. Custodial care may be covered by Medicare Part A when it is medically necessary.
Medicare Part B covers the service of physicians and other medical professionals such as nurse practitioners, nurses, respiratory therapists, and physical therapists. These services are covered regardless of location the fact that they are provided in a SNF, ICF, or in a custodial care facility is irrelevant. Part B of Medicare will also cover durable medical equipment and medical supplies if they are medically necessary. But Medicare Part B does not cover any purely custodial services.
Medicare Part C, also known as Medicare Advantage, allows plans to offer some services that are not offered under Original Medicare coverage Medicare Advantage plans may offer nursing home care that Medicare will not cover. This is totally dependent on policies of your individual plan check with the plan.
Medicare Part D covers prescription drugs only, regardless of the location where they are taken, but does not cover any nursing home stays.
Also Check: Does Medicare Cover Dupuytren’s Contracture
Does Medicare Pay For Home Health Care
There is an important distinction between medically necessary home health care and personal care services provided by an unskilled caregiver. Understanding the difference between these two levels of care is key to determining who is eligible for Medicare-covered in-home services. For more information on this topic, read The Difference Between Home Health Care and Non-Medical Home Care Services.
Only home health care services prescribed by a doctor and provided by skilled caregivers are covered by Medicare, but patients must meet specific eligibility requirements.
Home Health Care Covered By Medicare
If you are eligible for home healthcare, Medicare will cover the cost of the following services:
- Skilled nursing care: Medicare will pay for skilled nursing care when your condition requires it. However, Medicare only covers it up to a maximum of 8 hours per day.
- Physical therapy and occupational therapy: If your condition is deemed to require the skills of a licensed physical therapist or occupational therapist, Medicare will cover the cost of these services. You will also be covered for speech or language therapy if your doctor has deemed it effective and necessary for your condition.
- Part-time or intermittent home health aide care: Medicare will cover home health aide care such as help dressing and bathing. However, these services are only covered if you are getting other skilled care such as nursing care or physical therapy.
- Medical supplies and equipment: Under your Medicare part B, some medical equipment may be covered, including wheelchairs, wound dressings, walkers, nebulizer equipment, and blood sugar monitors, among others.
- Medical social services: Medicare also covers the cost of receiving counseling or social work services at home.
Don’t Miss: What Are The Costs Of Medicare Advantage Plans
What Home Health Care Isnt Covered By Medicare
Medicare doesnÃ¢t cover personal errands that arenÃ¢t directly related to your care. These services include:
- Grocery shopping
- Cleaning the house
Medicare also doesnÃ¢t cover many long-lasting supplies. Home health care agencies usually donÃ¢t use these types of items for your treatment. These supplies include:
- Motorized stairway elevators
Medicare doesnÃ¢t cover prescription drugs as part of home care.
How Does Medicare Affect Long
Medicare is a government-managed health insurance program designed to assist people 65 or older in paying for certain healthcare costs.
That said, many people are surprised to learn that Medicare does not always cover every medical expense in every situation. For example, long-term nursing home care is not typically covered by Medicare benefits.
However, there are a few aspects of nursing home costs that may be covered under certain parts of Medicare. Learn more about Medicare and nursing home coverage right here at MedicareInsurance.com.
You May Like: What Does Medicare Supplement Plan N Cover
Incentives With Unintended Consequences
Rachel Werner, a physician and the executive director of the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics at the University of Pennsylvania, said Medicare has been designing payments for home care companies that emphasize quality which is measured in terms of improvement in the patients functioning.
But clearly the benefit is not structured that way, said Werner, whose research specialties include Medicare and long-term care. You dont need to have improvement to qualify for the benefit. Theres definitely a tension there.
A potential unintended consequence of the incentives is that home care agencies are going to avoid patients who they think are not going to improve because its going to hurt their quality ratings, Werner said.
Getting Medicare to change those incentives is among the goals of the lawsuit, said Bers, whose organization was behind a landmark legal settlement in 2013 under which Medicare officials agreed that beneficiaries qualify for physical therapy and other skilled services if they are needed to maintain function or slow a decline. Lack of progress had been used for years as a way to stop therapy, allowing seniors conditions to sharply deteriorate.
Bers said accessing home care under Medicare was a problem long before COVID-19 led to severe worker shortages.
How Do You Qualify For Medicare Home Health Care
Medicare has rules for whose home health care it can cover. You must meet all of the following standards for how to get home health care under Medicare.
You have a doctorÃ¢s approval. A doctor needs to be managing your care. They need to sign a form saying that your home health care is medically necessary. The doctor creates and checks your home health care plan, which could include:
- Which services you need
- Your treatment schedule
- Your health goal
YouÃ¢ll need to meet with the doctor at least 90 days before your home health care treatment begins or 30 days afterward. Your doctor must meet with you at least every 60 days to review your care plan. They can decide whether to renew or end your treatment after every 60-day period.
You are homebound. A doctor can approve you for home health care if you are homebound. This means:
- You need another personÃ¢s help to leave the house, such as helping to carry your wheelchair
- Your health could get worse if you spend time outside your home
- You leave your home for adult day care or religious services
- Leaving your home takes a lot of effort
You need at least one type of skilled care. Your care plan needs to include at least one type of skilled treatment in order for Medicare to cover it. For example, you might need physical therapy to regain movement after an injury.
You may need more home health care than what Medicare will cover. In this case, Medicare may be able to pay for short-term stays in a nursing home or hospital.
Recommended Reading: What Is Step Therapy In Medicare