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When Does Medicare Cover Nursing Home Care

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What About Drugs Prescribed Under Part D

4 Seniors: Does Medicare cover home health care?

Prescription drug coverage under Medicare Part D helps pay for all or a portion of a persons prescriptions.

Suppose a person resides in a nursing home. In that case, their prescriptions are usually filled by a long-term care pharmacy that specializes in providing pharmaceuticals to people in long-term care facilities like nursing homes.

If youre receiving skilled nursing care in a skilled facility, Medicare Part A will generally cover your prescriptions during this time.

How Your Assets Impact Eligibility

Besides income, your assets will be counted toward meeting eligibility requirements. Countable assets include checking and savings account balances, CDs, stocks, and bonds.

In most states, you can retain up to $2,000 as an individual and $3,000 for a married couple outside of your countable assets. However, these amounts may vary depending on the state in which you live.

Your home, your car, personal belongings, or your savings for funeral expenses remain outside of countable assets. If you can prove other assets are not accessible , they too are exempt. A house must be a principal residence and does not count as long as the nursing home resident or their spouse lives there or intends to return there.

Upon becoming eligible for Medicaid, all of the applicants income must be used to pay for the nursing home where the applicant resides. However, you may be allowed to keep a monthly allowance and a deduction for medical needs, such as private health insurance. The amount of the allowance varies depending on your living arrangements, type of nursing facility, and state rules. If you are married, an allowance may be made for the spouse still living in the home.

Will Medicare Cover Skilled Nursing Care

Medicare will pay for whats considered intermittent nursing services, meaning that care is provided either fewer than seven days a week, or daily for less than eight hours a day, for up to 21 days. Sometimes, Medicare will extend this window if a doctor can provide a precise estimate on when that care will end.

Skilled nursing services are generally required to treat an illness or assist in the recovery of an injury. As the name implies, those who provide this care are licensed to administer medical treatment such as injections, catheter changes, wound dressings, and tube feedings.

The maximum amount of weekly care Medicare will pay for is usually 28 hours, though in some circumstances, it will pay for up to 35. But it wont cover 24-hour-a-day care.

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Medicaid Pays For Nursing Home Care

Medicaid pays for 100 percent of a qualifying individuals nursing home costs in a Medicaid-certified facility, but its important to understand that it is a needs-based program. This means that an applicants income and assets cannot exceed strict limits set by their states Medicaid program. Certain assets, such as ones primary residence, are exempt from these limits. Applicants must also meet state-specific level of care requirements to qualify.

While nursing home care is covered by every states Medicaid program for all eligible applicants who need it, some states have expanded their coverage to include other types of long-term care, such as home and community based services and assisted living. This enables seniors with significant care needs to delay or avoid placement in nursing homes and receive services in less restrictive and more home-like environments.

Read:Qualifying for Medicaid Long-Term Care

How Can I Get Help Applying For Va Long

Does Medicare cover home health care? : Medicare Insurance

You can get free assistance with any VA-related question or problem by phone or in person through one of the VAs Vet Centers, which are located in every state. You can also get assistance by contacting the Veterans Benefits Administration office nearest you. The VA also has a toll-free telephone help line at 827-1000.

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Skilled Nursing Facilities Care

Skilled nursing facility care is nursing or therapy that requires supervision or performed by technical personnel. Medicare Part A will cover SNF care for a limited time if:

  • There are days left to use in your benefit period
  • You qualify for a hospital stay
  • The SNF is Medicare certified
  • Your doctor recommends daily skilled nursing care or therapy
  • You need services for a hospital-related medical condition or a condition that started while in the SNF, like an infection

Youâll want to learn more about SNF Medicare coverage before deciding if this is the long-term care you want for your elderly parents.

What Are The Requirements For Medicare Nursing Home Coverage

Before Medicare covers skilled nursing home costs, you must have a qualifying hospital stay of at least three inpatient days prior to your nursing home admission. You must have inpatient status for at least three days time spent in the emergency department or observation unit doesnt count toward the three-day requirement.

If you refuse nursing care or medical therapies recommended by your doctor while you are in a skilled nursing facility, you may lose your Medicare nursing home coverage.

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Does Medicare Cover Nursing Homes

by Christian Worstell | Published December 16, 2020 | Reviewed by John Krahnert

Medicare Part A covers limited skilled nursing care, as long as it is medically necessary to treat an injury or illness and you meet certain conditions. Medicare does not cover long-term care or custodial care, if that is the only care you require.

If you receive care in a skilled nursing facility, you will typically face certain out-of-pocket Medicare costs.

A Medicare Supplement plan can help pay for your skilled nursing facility care costs, such as Medicare deductibles and coinsurance.

How To Get Approved For In

Does Medicare cover home health care?

There are a handful of steps and qualifications you need to meet to have your in-home care covered by Medicare. It starts with the type of help your doctor says you or your loved one needs and includes other aspects of care.

You cant simply decide that you prefer your nursing care and other therapy needs in your home. You must meet the qualifications for in-home care, and they include the following:

You must be under the care of a doctor:

The primary step in getting approved for in-home care is that you and the nursing plan must be under the care of a Medicare-approved doctor. This doesnt mean that the doctor will be at every visit. A home health nurse specialist will administer your plan, which your will create and regularly review.

Youre homebound:

This is when youre unable to leave your house for treatment. Homebound patients require assistance from a person or piece of durable medical equipment such as a walker or wheelchair to get around the home or to get to services outside the home. Immobile people are considered homebound as well. A doctor can deem that youre homebound if he or she believes that your illness or condition could get worse if you left the home.

You doctor certifies that you need home care:

You dont need round-the-clock care:

Your in-home care comes from an approved home health agency:

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Medicaid Eligibility For Nursing Home Care

Medicaid coverage, like many other financial assistance programs, is dependent on a variety of factors such as age, financial status, assets, and level of care. If you need assistance for long-term nursing home care, you should check to see if you meet the Medicaid eligibility requirements in the state that youre currently residing in. Typically, one of the requirements of eligibility is that a majority of your income needs to be used to pay for the cost of your nursing home.

What If I Dont Have Health Insurance

Under the new policy, only people who are privately insured can seek rapid at-home test reimbursements. The White House is working on a plan to deliver 500 million free test kits to people who request them on a forthcoming website, but government officials still havent released details about the website and shipment plans.

Several states, such as New Jersey, Connecticut, and Massachusetts have already been distributing free at-home tests to residents since the Omicron surge began. Some cities, such as Miami and Washington D.C., are making free tests available at public libraries. Check with your local health centers or health department to see if and where you can pick up free test kits.

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How Does Skilled Nursing Care Work

Medicare will pay for inpatient care at a Medicare-certified skilled nursing facility if you meet all these criteria:5

  • You have Medicare Part A and days left in your benefit period .
  • You were admitted as an inpatient at a hospital and stayed for three or more qualifying calendar days. Outpatient and observation days do not count. The three days start the day the hospital admits you as an inpatient the discharge day does not count.
  • You enter the skilled nursing facility within 30 days of being discharged from the hospital.
  • A doctor ordered skilled nursing care for you that requires qualified personnel to administer or supervise it.
  • You need specialized daily care you can only receive at a skilled nursing facility as an inpatient.
  • You need follow-up care for a medical condition treated during your hospital stay. The condition can differ from the original reason for admission.
  • The skilled services your doctor prescribed are reasonable and necessary for the diagnosis or treatment of your condition.

Some common reasons why a beneficiary may go to a nursing facility and not meet all criteria for Medicare payment are:

  • they were not formally admitted in the hospital as an inpatient, but were there under observation, which does not count towards a qualifying hospital stay
  • they counted their discharge date as one of the three days required for the hospital stay or
  • they waited longer than 30 days from their hospital discharge to enter the nursing facility.

Home Health Care Services Covered By Medicare

Does Medicare Cover Home Health Care?

As opposed to standard in-home care, home health care is considered skilled nursing care and thus is covered by Medicare. A range of home care services falls under the benefit. Some of the covered home health care services include:

  • Skilled Nursing Care: This includes all care services that must be carried out by registered or licensed nurses, such as medication administration and monitoring of your vital signs. Medicare only covers intermittent nursing services, which means part-time. There are time limits on how many hours per week and/or days per month of care that Medicare will cover.
  • Therapy Services: Often needed when recovering from an illness or injury, this includesrehabilitation services such as physical and occupational therapy and speech-language pathology.
  • Medical Social Services: Medical social services involve counseling to help seniors deal with the emotional and social impact of their illness or injury.
  • Medical Supplies: Any medical supplies related to the condition for which youre being treated, such as catheters and wound dressings, are covered by Medicare. Durable medical equipment like wheelchairs may be partially covered.

Its important to note that even when the above criteria are met, Medicare never covers full-time home health care. If you need around-the-clock care and cannot financially support full-time, in-home health care without Medicare, a skilled nursing community may be a better option.

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Money Follows The Person Program

The MFP Program provides financial assistance to the states to help them transition individuals who live in nursing homes from the nursing home back into their communities. While this program does not provide direct financial and care assistance to individuals, it does expand the options available to nursing home residents. This program is currently available in 43 states and the District of Columbia. Read more about the MFP Program here.

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Private Coverage For Nursing Home Care

It is possible to purchase long-term care insurance to help pay for nursing home care. These insurance plans pay for 5 percent of nursing home coverage in the United States.

LTC insurance can be helpful to have if you need care, but premiums tend to be expensive and out of range for many people. These premiums tend to get higher the older you get, especially if your health is on the decline. Individuals over 65 years old and who have chronic medical problems could see monthly premiums in the thousands of dollars.

The insurance company can deny you coverage based on pre-existing conditions.

Long-term care insurance generally works this way: You pay monthly premiums, and if you have a triggering event, i.e., something that requires nursing home or long-term home health care, you start to receive insurance payouts. Those payouts can be put towards those care specific services, but the amount of those payouts will be based on your specific LTC insurance plan. They may or may not cover the full cost of care, and the payouts may only last a certain length of time.

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Home Healthcare Medicare Requirements

For Medicare to cover your home health care, you must demonstrate a medical need. Specifically, you must be homebound. That means either you are unable to leave your home without assistance, it is recommended you not leave your home based on your medical condition, or it is physically taxing to leave your home.

This does not mean you cannot leave your home. Medicare will not hold coverage if you leave your home for medical care, adult day care, or religious services. Short, infrequent absences for nonmedical reasons should not count against you either.

A doctor or nurse practitioner must certify that you are homebound. The certification is based on a face-to-face visit that occurs 90 days before starting home health care or within 30 days of your starting home health services.

The certification outlines your care plan over a 60-day period. Recertifications must be reviewed and approved by your healthcare provider every 60 days but do not require additional face-to-face visits.

A Medicare-certified home health agency must deliver care or it will not be covered. To find a reputable agency in your area, Medicare offers a searchable database at Home Health Compare.

Does Medicaid Cover Nursing Homes

How Does Medicare Cover Long Term Care, Nursing Home Care, and Skilled Nursing Facility Care?

Medicaid is a means-tested program, which people must meet strict financial eligibility requirements to qualify. If your income drops below the qualifying mark and you are accepted into the program, Medicaid will cover 100% of your nursing home expenses at a Medicaid-approved facility.

Although there are some exceptions to the rule to protect the livelihood of a spouse, Medicaid generally begins paying for nursing home care once your assets fall below $2,000. Individual eligibility requirements vary based on your age, marital status and home state, so check with your local Medicaid office to learn more and apply for benefits.

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What Does Medicaid Cover

On the other hand, it is possible that Medicaid will help with nursing home expenses depending on your loved ones income and resources. If your loved one qualifies for both Medicare and Medicaid it is highly likely that this will cover most costs associated with nursing home or assisted living care.

It is also possible if your loved one does not qualify for Medicaid due to his or her income or assets that he or she will eventually spend down these assets. This may cause him or her to become eligible. This is why, even in the event that your loved one does not qualify for Medicaid assistance right away, it is a good idea to check if your target nursing home accepts Medicaid.

What Does Medicare Cover

Medicare will only cover limited stays in nursing homes. Typically, this occurs after a doctor prescribes a patient nursing home care after an extended illness or injury. Even with a doctors prescription, Medicare will only cover the stay in the nursing home for a limited amount of time. Thus, you should not rely on Medicare to cover anything related to assistance with daily activities.

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How Does Home Health Care Work

The first step toward receiving home health care is to obtain a physicians orders and work with a home health care company to develop a detailed care plan. From there, you will be asked to complete an initial consultation with the patient, during which they assess the patients needs and develop a plan for treatment. Family members and other caregivers are encouraged to participate in this planning process to ensure consistent and comprehensive care.

When services begin, home health care staff will implement the plan following all physician orders and keep the physician updated about the patients progress. The frequency and type of home health visits will vary depending on the patients needs. Some patients require daily care while others require only a short visit once or twice per week.

All services are tailored to the patients needs.

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