Monday, January 23, 2023

How To Get Into A Nursing Home On Medicare

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What Medicare Nursing Home Coverage Am I Eligible For If I Need Long

Medicare Basics: Parts A, B, C & D

Medicare wont pay your nursing home costs, but you still have your Part A and Part B benefits while youre in a nursing home. For example, Part B covers your doctor visits and medical therapy visits, and if you need hospital care, Part A benefits apply. If you have a Part D Prescription Drug Plan, the medications you take in the nursing home are usually covered. You may have to enroll in a plan that works with your nursing home pharmacy, but the facility should help you choose the right coverage.

If you live in a nursing home, you may be able to enroll in a Medicare Advantage Special Needs Plan, which has benefits designed to best serve residents of a long-term care facility. These plans include Part D prescription drug coverage and may be more affordable than other Medicare plans. You may also qualify for a Special Needs Plan if you are on both Medicare and Medicaid.

What About Medigap Supplements

Medigap supplement plans are sold by private insurance companies and help to cover additional costs, such as deductibles.

Some Medigap plans may help to pay for skilled nursing facility co-insurance. These include plans C, D, F, G, M, and N. Plan K pays for about 50 percent of the coinsurance and Plan L pays for 75 percent of coinsurance.

However, Medigap supplement plans dont pay for long-term nursing home care.

How Much Will Medicaid Pay For Nursing Home Care

For qualifying individuals, Medicaid picks up most of the tab for nursing home care, paying an average of 45 percent to 65 percent. However, coverage is largely dependent on a variety of factors such as financial status, the state you reside in, and the level of care needed.

Medicaid coverage amounts may vary from state to state, depending on the demand for nursing home care coverage. For example, the average cost of nursing home care in the state of California is on the higher end at $304 a day, compared to Texas at $165. This greatly impacts the coverage and benefits you can receive from Medicaid to offset the costs of nursing home care.

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Advantages Of Nursing Home Care

  • Nursing home care often allows a person to live independently without having to engage in home maintenance activities, like mowing the lawn or upkeep on a home.
  • Many nursing homes also provide social activities that allow individuals to connect with others and maintain friendships and other activities.
  • Having the ability to receive needed nursing services and to have trained staff on-hand to monitor a person can provide a sense of comfort for a person and their family.

Can You Force Someone Into A Care Home

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Well, technically and legally, yes you can. But it means obtaining a guardianship over that person first.

Elderly guardianship, also known as elderly conservatorship, is a legal relationship created when a court appoints an individual to care for an elderly person who is no longer able to care for himself or herself. The appointed guardian has certain duties and responsibilities to the elderly person.

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This isnt an easy task and its not inexpensive either. An elder law attorney can help you through this process.

If youre worried about a loved ones well-being, the best thing to do is talk to them about your concerns. If theyre resistant to the idea of moving into a care home, try to find out why. It may be that theyre worried about the cost or they dont want to leave their home.

Once you know their concerns, you can try to address them. For example, you could look into funding options or talk to them about the different types of care homes available.

If youre still struggling to convince your loved one to move into a care home, it may be worth talking to their doctor. They can assess their needs and offer advice on the best course of action.

At the end of the day, its important to respect your loved ones wishes. But if youre genuinely concerned about their well-being, moving them into a care home may be the best option.

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Do Nursing Homes Or Assisted Living Facilities Discriminate Against Medicaid Recipients

Federal laws prohibit facilities from providing any lower standard of care or treatment to Medicaid recipients vs. private pay residents. However, it will be easier to enter a nursing home or assisted living facility as a private pay resident first. If you disclose your intent to apply for Medicaid, they may try to discourage entry. But if you enter as a private pay resident and subsequently switch to Medicaid status you will be fully protected. The only other major difference is that, as a private pay resident will be able to obtain a private room. Medicaid recipients will usually be placed in a semi-private room.

Medicaid Coverage For Nursing Home Care

Medicaid is an excellent option for low-income older adults. This coverage assists individuals with many types of medical care, including doctor’s visits, hospital stays, and long-term care services such as those received in a skilled nursing facility. Often, this program covers 100 percent of these costs, but there may be copayments for certain beneficiaries. For those who qualify for Medicaid, this is the best choice for nursing care coverage.

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Admitting From Home To Skilled Nursing & Rehab

Dear Averi:

I work at a Columbus-area hospital and am interested in learning more about your admission process. Our department often receives questions about how to admit a senior directly from home to a skilled nursing and rehab center, and we are a little confused about how it works.

Would you be able to outline those requirements for us? Any advice would be helpful.

Sincerely,

Medicare Coverage For Nursing Home Costs

Understanding Medicare Part A

Medicare will only cover skilled nursing care expenses in very specific situations and is not designed to pay for nursing home or custodial care costs long term. One such situation is when a senior has been hospitalized and released, but still requires a bit of specialized care. Medicare will help pay for short-terms stays in nursing homes if they:

  • Were admitted to the hospital for a minimum of three days as an inpatient.
  • Have been admitted to a Medicare-certified facility within 30 days of the hospital stay.
  • Need skilled care like physical therapy, speech therapy, and other types of rehabilitation.

Those who meet all of these conditions under original Medicare will qualify for assistance as follows.

  • Up to 20 days of nursing care is 100 percent by Medicare.
  • After day 21 and up to day 100, patients will pay a copay that is $194.50 per day.
  • After 100 days, all Medicare coverage ends, and all payments are the patient’s responsibility.

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How Can I Pay For Long

If you need coverage beyond 100 days of skilled nursing care, or if you need help with the cost of nursing home care, you may have other options:13

  • Medicaid: Depending on your income, you might qualify for Medicaid. This could help you cover some of the costs of long-term care. Medicaid coverage and eligibility requirements vary from state to state.
  • Social Security Administration programs: Some programs offered through Social Security could help cover some costs associated with long-term care for people with disabilities. Depending on your medical condition or income, you might qualify for Social Security Disability Insurance or Supplemental Security Income .
  • Long-term care insurance: 1 possible source of coverage for nursing home services is long-term care insurance. These are plans offered through private insurance providers. Details of coverage and costs may vary from plan to plan.

What Is Custodial Care

In the eyes of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services , custodial care is care that does not have to be performed by a skilled or licensed medical professional such as a doctor, nurse, or therapist . Custodial care often includes assistance with bathing, cleaning, cooking, dressing, hygiene, and even walking or mobilizing.

Unfortunately, many seniors in nursing homes are there for reasons of safety. They are unable to live independently due to dementia or other medical conditions, and they may not have family or loved ones who can support them.

According to the February 2019 Vital Health Statistics report by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services , the majority of people in nursing homes require custodial care. The percentages of people needing help are considerable:

  • Transferring In or Out of Bed: 86.8%

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Money Follows The Person Program

The MFP Program provides financial assistance to the states to help them transition individuals who live in nursing homes from the nursing home back into their communities. While this program does not provide direct financial and care assistance to individuals, it does expand the options available to nursing home residents. This program is currently available in 43 states and the District of Columbia. Read more about the MFP Program here.

Whats The Difference Between Nursing Home Care Long

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Its important to understand the different types or nursing care Medicare may cover, as well as the ones it doesnt, so you arent unexpectedly stuck paying your nursing home costs.

Nursing home care can be either skilled or custodial. Skilled nursing home care covered by Medicare is short-term and expected to help improve your condition. If you have hip replacement, for example, your doctor may recommend a couple of weeks in a skilled nursing facility for physical therapy to help you learn to walk with your new hip and recover your mobility more quickly.

Long-term care, on the other hand, is generally custodial carehelp with things such as eating, bathing, toileting, and dressing. As the name suggests, it may last a period of weeks, months, or years. It is usually not covered by Medicare.

Home care nursing is generally home health care provided by a credentialed medical professional. It can be short-term while you recover from an illness or injury, or long-term if you have a serious chronic condition or have chosen hospice care. Medicare may cover home care nursing under certain situations.

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How Health Care Costs Eat Into The Incomes Of Older Adults

Male nurse measures blood pressure to senior man with mask while being in a home visit.

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A great misconception of aging in America is the belief that Medicare will pay for your health care needs in old age. It wont.

It will pay for some of those medical costs. But a typical senior can expect to foot the bill for a substantial portion of their health care, even if they are enrolled in Medicare.

Half of retirees spent more than $4,300 for health care in 2018, according to a study by the Center for Retirement Research at Boston College. And high-cost Medicare recipients spent more than $10,000 that year alone. And that doesnt even include long-term care, which Medicare generally wont pay for at all and which was excluded from this study.

CRR authors Melissa McInerney, Matthew S. Rutledge, and Sara Ellen King calculated that typical Medicare beneficiaries spent 25% of their Social Security benefits on out-of-pocket health care costs. And for the sickest seniorsthe highest spending 5% of retireeshealth care ate up more than 90% of their Social Security benefits.

Who May Receive Nursing Facility Services

NF services for are required to be provided by state Medicaid programs for individuals age 21 or older who need them. States may not limit access to the service, or make it subject to waiting lists, as they may for home and community based services. Therefore, in some cases NF services may be more immediately available than other long-term care options. NF residents and their families should investigate other long-term care options in order to transition back to the community as quickly as possible.

Need for nursing facility services is defined by states, all of whom have established NF level of care criteria. State level of care requirements must provide access to individuals who meet the coverage criteria defined in federal law and regulation. Individuals with serious mental illness or intellectual disability must also be evaluated by the state’s Preadmission Screening and Resident Review program to determine if NF admission is needed and appropriate.

Nursing facility services for individuals under age 21 is a separate Medicaid service, optional for states to provide. However, all states provide the service, and in practice there is no distinction between the services.

In some states individuals applying for NF residence may be eligible for Medicaid under higher eligibility limits used for residents of an institution. See your state Medicaid agency for more information.

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Cost Of Nursing Homes Vs Assisted Living

Assisted living costs have continued to rise as well, though assisted living communities are much more affordable than nursing homes. The median cost of assisted living facilities is $148 per day, which equates to $4,500 per month, or $54,000 per year. While this represents an increase over the past few years, assisted living is far more affordable than semiprivate or private rooms in nursing homes. It’s important to note that these figures don’t take into account specialized care, such as memory care, or considerations for disabilities.

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Medicare 101

The senior will need an advance healthcare directive to indicate their healthcare preferences in case they become incapacitated and cannot communicate with their doctor. They will also need a power of attorney to appoint an attorney-in-fact who can manage their financial, legal, and medical affairs should they become incapacitated.

If youre applying for Medicaid now or expect to in the future, talk to the elder law attorney about protecting the seniors assets from Medicaid spend-down requirements.

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What About Assisted Living Medicaid Or In

Assisted living or in-home Medicaid in Florida is very difficult to access. If the applicant’s assets are less than the income and asset limit, this does not mean the applicant will get Medicaid to help pay for assisted living. There is a long waitlist to get Medicaid for assisted living care and we have no way of telling when or if the elder will come off the wait list. We have more on assisted living Medicaid and bypassing the assisted living waitlist here.

Can Social Services Force An Elderly Person Into A Care Home

If your elderly relative is no longer able to take care of themselves at home, you may be wondering if a social worker from social services can force them into a care home. The answer is often no, as most people have the right to make their own decisions about their care and accommodation.

Of course, if a guardianship is in place then social services may be able to assist you with the process of moving your loved one into a facility.

However, there are some circumstances where social services may step in to ensure that an elderly person is receiving the care and support they need. For example, if an elderly person is living in unsanitary or unsafe conditions, or if they are not eating or drinking enough, social services may intervene.

Honestly, usually the best thing to do is to talk to them about their options and see if they would be open to moving into a care home. Often, just having the conversation can be a huge relief for both parties.

If youre still worried, you can always contact social services or a geriatric care manager for advice.

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Do Medicare Supplement Insurance Plans Cover Nursing Home Costs

Some Medicare Supplement insurance plans include increased coverage in skilled nursing facilities . Medicare Supplement insurance plans may cover your out-of-pocket costs for doctor visits and other medical services covered under Part A and Part B while you are a nursing home resident.

You can start comparing Medicare Advantage plans right away just enter your zip code in the box on this page.

New To Medicare?

Becoming eligible for Medicare can be daunting. But don’t worry, we’re here to help you understand Medicare in 15 minutes or less.

The Potential Need For Long

What Good User Experience Looks Like

Not only might it be hard to face the fact that we may need skilled nursing care in our old age, but such a need is difficult to plan for, because the amount of care needed and the cost cannot be known ahead of time. These obstacles cause many people to put off planning for long-term care, but delaying such decisions is a mistake.

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Medicare Coverage For Nursing Home Care

It is not that Medicare does not pay for any nursing home care. It does pay for some, but only if you were recently admitted to the hospital and only if you require skilled care at least five days per week.

Not only do you need to have been hospitalized to qualify for this Medicare Part A coverage, but you need to have been admitted as an inpatient for at least three days. Trickily, the day you are transferred to the skilled nursing facility does not count, and even more tricky is how CMS defines inpatient care.

These days you can stay overnight in the hospital, but that does not mean you are an inpatient. Thanks to legislation put forth in October 2013, known as the Two-Midnight Rule, you may only be considered for inpatient care if your stay is expected to last longer than two midnights and if your level of care is considered medically necessary. That means you cannot be in the hospital receiving care that could just as easily be administered elsewhere.

Otherwise, you will be placed under observation, care that is covered by Medicare Part B.

In the case that you do get approval for skilled nursing care, Medicare Part A covers the first 20 days for you. For days 21 to 100, you will pay $194.50 per day as of 2022. After 100 days, you are on your own.

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